Cloud Computing, DevOps

3 Mins Read

The Power of Terragrunt in IaC Management


In the fast-evolving realm of Infrastructure as Code (IaC), orchestrating resources effectively is essential. As projects grow in complexity, managing Terraform configurations becomes challenging. This is where Terragrunt shines as a robust tool, offering abstraction layers and refining the Terraform experience.

This comprehensive guide explores the fundamentals of Terragrunt, a versatile tool for managing Terraform configurations. From its key features to practical labs, this guide equips readers with the knowledge needed to harness the power of Terragrunt in their infrastructure deployments.


Terragrunt is an open-source tool created by Gruntwork, designed to enhance the capabilities of Terraform, another popular Infrastructure as Code (IaC) tool. It serves as a thin wrapper for Terraform and offers additional features and functionalities to simplify and streamline the management of Terraform configurations and infrastructure deployments.

Pioneers in Cloud Consulting & Migration Services

  • Reduced infrastructural costs
  • Accelerated application deployment
Get Started


Before getting started, ensure you have the following:

  • An AWS account with appropriate permissions to create Amazon EC2 instances.
  • Terraform and Terragrunt are installed on your local machine.
  • AWS CLI configured with credentials.

Key Features of Terragrunt

Remote State Management:

Terragrunt streamlines the management of Terraform state files, facilitating collaboration and versioning across teams. It ensures that state files are stored remotely in a secure and organized manner.

Reusable Configurations:

Terragrunt promotes the Don’t Repeat Yourself (DRY) principle by enabling the creation of modular and shareable configurations. With the ability to compose and reuse configurations across projects, it significantly reduces redundancy.

Environment Management:

Managing multiple environments (dev, staging, production) is made seamless with Terragrunt. It allows users to define configurations at different levels, ensuring consistency and ease of maintenance.

State Operations and Locking:

Terragrunt provides features for state file locking, preventing concurrent runs that could lead to conflicts in the Terraform state. This ensures the integrity of the infrastructure state during collaborative projects.

Encrypted Variables:

Security is paramount, and Terragrunt addresses this by supporting the use of encrypted variables. This feature enhances the protection of sensitive information such as API keys or passwords.

Dynamic Configurations:

Terragrunt allows the creation of dynamic configurations, adapting to various scenarios. This flexibility ensures that configurations can be adjusted based on different project requirements.

Step-by-Step Guide

Let’s walk through a hands-on example of using Terragrunt to deploy an Amazon EC2 instance on AWS. Before you begin, ensure that you have both Terraform and Terragrunt installed on your machine.

Directory Structure:


Step 1: Set Up the Terraform Configuration

Create a Terraform configuration file ( in the /dev directory:

Step 2: Set Up the Terragrunt Configuration

Create a Terragrunt configuration file (terragrunt.hcl) in the /dev directory:

Replace “your-unique-bucket-name” with a globally unique Amazon S3 bucket name.

Step 3: Set Up the Root Terragrunt Configuration

Create a Terragrunt configuration file (terragrunt.hcl) in the /live directory:

Step 4: Deploy with Terragrunt

  • Navigate to the /live/dev directory in your terminal.
  • Run the following commands:

Terragrunt will prompt you to confirm the action. Type yes to proceed.


Terragrunt simplifies the management of Terraform configurations and remote states, enhancing collaboration and maintenance of infrastructure as code projects. By leveraging Terragrunt’s features, such as remote state management, configuration inheritance, and automatic backend configuration, teams can streamline their deployment processes and ensure consistency across environments.

Drop a query if you have any questions regarding Terragrunt and we will get back to you quickly.

Experience Effortless Cloud Migration with Our Expert Solutions

  • Stronger security  
  • Accessible backup      
  • Reduced expenses
Get Started

About CloudThat

CloudThat is a leading provider of Cloud Training and Consulting services with a global presence in India, the USA, Asia, Europe, and Africa. Specializing in AWS, Microsoft Azure, GCP, VMware, Databricks, and more, the company serves mid-market and enterprise clients, offering comprehensive expertise in Cloud Migration, Data Platforms, DevOps, IoT, AI/ML, and more.

CloudThat is recognized as a top-tier partner with AWS and Microsoft, including the prestigious ‘Think Big’ partner award from AWS and the Microsoft Superstars FY 2023 award in Asia & India. Having trained 650k+ professionals in 500+ cloud certifications and completed 300+ consulting projects globally, CloudThat is an official AWS Advanced Consulting Partner, AWS Training Partner, AWS Migration Partner, AWS Data and Analytics Partner, AWS DevOps Competency Partner, Amazon QuickSight Service Delivery Partner, Amazon EKS Service Delivery Partner, Microsoft Gold Partner, AWS Microsoft Workload Partners, Amazon EC2 Service Delivery Partner, and many more.

To get started, go through our Consultancy page and Managed Services PackageCloudThat’s offerings.


1. Why use Terragrunt over Terraform alone?

ANS: – Terragrunt adds layers of abstraction and automation to Terraform, making it easier to manage configurations, handle remote states, and enforce best practices across projects. It simplifies infrastructure management at scale and facilitates collaboration among team members.

2. How does Terragrunt handle remote states?

ANS: – Terragrunt abstracts the configuration of remote states and provides built-in support for backends like Amazon S3 and Terraform Cloud. It automatically configures remote state storage and locking, reducing the burden on users to set up and manage these components manually.

3. Can I use Terragrunt with existing Terraform projects?

ANS: – Yes, Terragrunt is compatible with existing Terraform projects. You can integrate Terragrunt gradually into your workflow, starting with managing remote states and then expanding to leverage its other features for configuration management and inheritance.

WRITTEN BY Karthik Kumar P V

Karthik Kumar Patro Voona is a Research Associate (Kubernetes) at CloudThat Technologies. He Holds Bachelor's degree in Information and Technology and has good programming knowledge of Python. He has experience in both AWS and Azure. He has a passion for Cloud-computing and DevOps. He has good working experience in Kubernetes and DevOps Tools like Terraform, Ansible, and Jenkins. He is a very good Team player, Adaptive and interested in exploring new technologies.



    Click to Comment

Get The Most Out Of Us

Our support doesn't end here. We have monthly newsletters, study guides, practice questions, and more to assist you in upgrading your cloud career. Subscribe to get them all!