AWS, Cloud Computing

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Hyderabad vs. Mumbai AWS Regions: Which One Should You Choose for Migration?

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AWS recently launched a second region in India, which is none other than the Hyderabad Region consisting of three Availability Zones. Previously, we had AWS Asia Pacific Mumbai as the only region for the India location. Now, Hyderabad and Mumbai are both regions where Amazon Web Services (AWS) has data centers that can be used for hosting applications and services if you need India as the location for data compliance or business needs.


In terms of service level, both regions provide similar reliability, security, and performance levels, as AWS is known for providing consistent service levels across all its regions. However, the actual performance and latency experienced by users will depend on their location and proximity to the data centers in each region.

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Regarding cost, pricing for AWS services can vary depending on the region, but generally, the cost of hosting in Hyderabad and Mumbai is comparable. It’s important to note that pricing can also depend on the specific services being used and the specific usage patterns of those services. Customers should carefully review the pricing for each service they plan to use and compare the costs across regions to ensure they get the best value.

Choosing the Right Region

When choosing a region for AWS hosting, customers should consider a few key factors:

Proximity to users: Hosting in a region closer to a customer’s users can improve performance and reduce latency.

Availability of services: Not all AWS services are available in all regions. Customers should ensure that the services they plan to use are available in their chosen region.

Note: If you wish to use the Hyderabad region, you must enable it first in the User->Account-> AWS Regions-> Action. Click the ‘Enable’ for the Asia Pacific (Hyderabad) row. Mumbai is enabled by default, whereas Hyderabad is opt-in.

Also, the Mumbai region has 2 Local zones: India (Kolkata) – ap-south-1-ccu-1, India (Delhi) – ap-south-1-del-1. These are disabled by default, whereas they can be enabled from EC2-> (Account attributes) Settings->Zones->Manage. Set the status to ‘Enabled’ and click ‘Update Zone Groups’.

Since the Hyderabad region started recently, it does not have all the services available yet. For comparison, let’s look at EC2 instance type offerings provided at the time of writing between Mumbai and Hyderabad below

Hyderabad has 118 EC2 instance types available for Linux

Mumbai has 360 EC2 instance types available for Linux

Migrating from one Region to another

If you are nearer to Hyderabad region than Mumbai, you can migrate your workloads to have less latency and better performance.

Let’s take EC2 migration from one region to another region example –

  1. Select EC2 instance to be migrated -> Action -> Image template -> Create image. Add the Image name, and select ‘No Reboot’ if you don’t want to have downtime. Click on the ‘Create Image’ button
  2. Go to AMI section EC2 and select Actions -> Copy AMI. Add a name and select the destination as Hyderabad region and click ‘Copy AMI’
  3. Next, change the region to Hyderabad and select the copied AMI to Launch instance by clicking ‘Launch instance from AMI’.

That’s it! You have moved your server to another region. You can change the routing if you are hosting any domain by route53 and terminate the instance in the Mumbai region or any region you are migrating from.


In conclusion, customers can expect similar service levels and costs when comparing the Hyderabad and Mumbai regions for AWS hosting. The best choice will depend on the specific needs and requirements of the business, as well as the location of its users and data. Customers should carefully consider these factors when choosing a region for their AWS hosting needs.

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1. Can I switch regions after I've started hosting on AWS?

ANS: – Yes, you can switch regions anytime, although it may involve some downtime and configuration changes. Planning carefully before switching regions is important to minimize the impact on your users and services.

2. What factors should I consider when choosing a region for AWS hosting?

ANS: – When choosing a region for AWS hosting, you should consider factors such as proximity to users, availability of services, and cost.

3. Which region is better?

ANS: – There is no single “better” region for AWS hosting, as it depends on your business’s specific needs and requirements. So, the choice will depend on factors such as the location of your users, the availability of specific services you require, and your budget. It’s important to carefully consider these factors and evaluate each region’s strengths and weaknesses to make an informed decision.

WRITTEN BY Nitin Beleyur



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