AWS, Cloud Computing

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Automated Workload Discovery and Vulnerability Scanning with Amazon Inspector


Maintaining a strong security posture is paramount in today’s rapidly evolving technological landscape, where organizations rely heavily on cloud infrastructure and digital services. To address this need, Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers an Amazon Inspector tool. This service provides automated workload discovery and vulnerability scanning capabilities, enabling businesses to identify and address security vulnerabilities within their AWS resources proactively.


Amazon Inspector is a cloud-based security assessment service that Amazon Web Services (AWS) offers.

It is designed to help organizations identify security vulnerabilities and compliance issues within their AWS resources and applications. Amazon Inspector simplifies assessing the security and compliance posture of your infrastructure by automating many of the tasks involved in vulnerability management and security assessments.
  • Automated Workload Discovery: Amazon Inspector streamlines discovering and assessing the diverse resources deployed within an AWS environment. This is crucial because as organizations scale their operations, keeping track of all the virtual machines, containers, and other instances running becomes increasingly challenging. Amazon Inspector automates this workload discovery by analyzing AWS resources and generating an inventory of these assets. This real-time visibility helps administrators gain better insights into their infrastructure, facilitating effective security management.
  • Vulnerability Scanning: Vulnerability scanning is a core component of maintaining a robust security posture. Amazon Inspector simplifies this process by automatically identifying potential vulnerabilities within an organization’s AWS resources. It achieves this by utilizing a comprehensive knowledge base with a vast collection of security best practices, industry standards, and known vulnerabilities. Amazon Inspector performs assessments without disrupting the workload’s operation, providing accurate insights into potential weaknesses.

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Key Features and Benefits

  • Agentless Architecture: Amazon Inspector employs an agentless approach, meaning it doesn’t require any installation or management of agents on individual resources. This minimizes operational overhead and ensures compatibility with a wide range of AWS services.
  • Continuous Monitoring: Amazon Inspector doesn’t offer just a one-time scan; it provides continuous monitoring and assessment of resources. This dynamic approach ensures that organizations are promptly alerted as new vulnerabilities are discovered or configurations change and can take appropriate actions.
  • Prioritized Findings: Not all vulnerabilities carry the same level of risk. Amazon Inspector’s assessment results are accompanied by a risk assessment and severity level, allowing organizations to prioritize remediation efforts based on potential impact.
  • Integration with AWS Services: Amazon Inspector seamlessly integrates with other AWS services, such as AWS CloudFormation and AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM). This integration simplifies security management by allowing automated responses to findings and using existing AWS IAM policies.
  • Customization: While Amazon Inspector offers a range of predefined rules, users can create custom rules tailored to their organization’s security requirements. This flexibility ensures that Amazon Inspector’s assessments align with the unique needs of each environment.

Best Practices for Effective Use

  • Regular Assessments: Perform regular vulnerability assessments using Amazon Inspector to stay ahead of emerging threats and vulnerabilities.
  • Continuous Improvement: Regularly review and improve security configurations based on Amazon Inspector’s findings and recommendations.
  • Automation: Leverage integration with AWS services to automate responses to findings, ensuring timely remediation.
  • Collaboration: Involve cross-functional teams, including IT and security, to address vulnerabilities and implement security measures collectively.
  • Documentation: Maintain documentation of assessment results, actions taken, and security improvements for compliance and audit purposes.

Steps to Enable Amazon Inspector

  1. Navigate yourself to the Amazon Inspector Page
  2. Activate Amazon Inspector


3. Install Amazon Inspector Agent in Amazon EC2 according to your OS.

Commands for Linux

Download Agent

Install Agent

4. Now Navigate to Inspector Dashboard and Open the Findings Section


5. You can check list of findings.

  • Critical
  • High
  • Medium
  • Low


6. It will be divided into 4 Severity.


7. Try to implement the suggestions.

Implement the Suggested Vulnerability, which will save instances from Any Cyber Attacks or DDoS Attacks.


Amazon Inspector is pivotal in automating workload discovery and vulnerability scanning within AWS environments. By providing continuous monitoring, automated assessments, and integration with other AWS services, Amazon Inspector empowers organizations to bolster their security posture effectively. With the ever-present threats in the digital landscape, leveraging such advanced tools is not just a best practice but a necessity to safeguard sensitive data and maintain customer trust.

Drop a query if you have any questions regarding Amazon Inspector and we will get back to you quickly.

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1. How does Automated Workload Discovery work in Amazon Inspector?

ANS: – Automated Workload Discovery in Amazon Inspector automatically identifies the Amazon EC2 instances in your AWS environment. It discovers and categorizes the instances, making it easier to target them for vulnerability assessments.

2. What is Vulnerability Scanning, and why is it important?

ANS: – Vulnerability scanning is identifying and assessing security vulnerabilities in your AWS resources. It is essential to proactively identify and address vulnerabilities to prevent potential security breaches and data leaks.

3. How do I get started with Amazon Inspector for vulnerability scanning?

ANS: – You must set up assessment targets, rules packages, and assessment templates in the Amazon Inspector console to get started. Once configured, you can run assessments to scan your resources for vulnerabilities.

WRITTEN BY Dhruv Rajeshbhai Patel

Dhruv Patel is a Research Intern at CloudThat. He has completed his Master's in Computer Application and Cloud Certification in Azure and AWS. His area of interest lies in Cloud and Mobile Development Solutions. He loves to take ownership of the work that he is doing.



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