CKAD, DevOps, DevSecOps, Kubernetes

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Remarkable Ways to Harness KEDA to Auto scale Your Kubernetes Workloads


In the fast-paced world of cloud-native computing, Kubernetes has emerged as the preferred platform for deploying, maintaining, and scaling containerized applications. However, standard scaling strategies based on CPU or memory metrics may not always be adequate for workloads with erratic or bursty traffic patterns. Enter KEDA (Kubernetes-based Event-Driven Autoscaling), a powerful solution for automatically scaling Kubernetes workloads in response to events from various sources. In this article, we’ll look at how KEDA enables organizations to dynamically expand their applications, resulting in optimal performance and resource utilization.

Understanding KEDA

  • Kubernetes Event-driven Autoscaling (KEDA) is a paradigm changer in the Kubernetes ecosystem, transforming how applications are scaled based on event-driven workloads. KEDA expands Kubernetes’ horizontal pod autoscaling capabilities beyond CPU and memory metrics, incorporating custom metrics and external event sources such as Azure Queue, Kafka, and AWS CloudWatch.
  • This factor means that applications can dynamically scale in and out based on real-time events, ensuring optimal resource utilization and responsiveness to changing workloads. By seamlessly integrating with Kubernetes’ natural scaling features, KEDA simplifies event-driven workload management, allowing developers to focus on designing durable, event-powered apps without worrying about scalability issues.
  • KEDA enables Kubernetes to efficiently expand applications in response to various events, making it a must-have technology in today’s cloud-native ecosystem.

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Key Benefits of KEDA

  1. Fine-grained Autoscaling: KEDA supports fine-grained autoscaling based on custom metrics or events, allowing you to scale your applications exactly in response to demand.
  2. Cost Optimization: KEDA optimizes resource utilization and reduces infrastructure costs by dynamically scaling your workloads based on events, ensuring that resources are only consumed when needed.
  3. Improved Performance: KEDA enables your applications to adjust swiftly to changes in workload demand, ensuring maximum performance and responsiveness for end users.
  4. Simplified Operations: KEDA smoothly interacts with Kubernetes, using its innate scaling features and avoiding the need for complex setups or third-party tools.

Getting Started with KEDA

To start using KEDA to autoscale your Kubernetes workloads, follow these steps:

  1. Install KEDA: Begin by installing KEDA on your Kubernetes cluster. KEDA has Helm charts for easy installation, or you can deploy it with the kubectl apply command.
  2. Define ScaledObjects: Define ScaledObjects to describe which workloads should be autoscaled and what scaling rules to use. Configure the trigger and scaler based on your event source and scaling preferences.
  3. Deploy Event Sources: Deploy the event sources (such as Azure Queue Storage or Kafka topics) that will cause autoscaling events for your workloads.
  4. Monitor and Fine-tune: Monitor the performance of your autoscaled workloads with Kubernetes metrics and update your scaling rules as needed to optimize performance and resource utilization.

Real-world Use Cases

KEDA can be used for a variety of applications across industries and domains:

  1. Microservices Architectures
  • Autoscaling microservices in a dynamic environment like Kubernetes is essential for managing shifting workloads. KEDA allows microservices to scale based on queue depth, message throughput, or HTTP request rates.
  • KEDA may automatically provision additional pods during peak hours to manage increased queue depth or message throughput without affecting performance.
  • Conversely, during periods of low activity, KEDA can reduce the number of pods to conserve resources and reduce costs. This flexibility enables organizations to maintain optimal performance and resource utilization in microservices systems.
  1. Stream Processing
  • Stream processing applications often face fluctuating workloads due to changes in data volume or processing requirements. KEDA allows for dynamic scalability of these applications dependent on the volume of incoming data streams or processing latency.
  • KEDA automatically scales up processing nodes to enable timely data processing and analysis during spikes in incoming data.
  • Conversely, when the workload falls, KEDA can minimize resources to avoid over-provisioning and save money. KEDA’s seamless integration with Kubernetes enables organizations to create and deploy scalable stream processing pipelines that can react to changing data patterns in real-time.
  1. Serverless Workloads
  • Serverless architectures automatically scale programs depending on event triggers, enabling dynamic responses to changing demand. KEDA enables organizations to perform serverless scaling for Kubernetes-based containerized workloads.
  • KEDA automates scaling based on event triggers like message queue depth, HTTP requests, or custom metrics, combining the advantages of serverless architectures with Kubernetes’ flexibility and control.
  • This feature allows organizations to create event-driven systems that can grow fluidly in response to incoming events, assuring optimal performance and resource utilization without requiring manual intervention.
  1. Batch Processing
  • Scalable infrastructure is essential for batch processing jobs to handle varying workloads efficiently. KEDA allows organizations to scale batch-processing jobs based on queue length, job completion times, and other criteria.
  • KEDA can automatically provision additional resources to meet deadlines when queue length or job completion durations exceed a specific threshold. When the workload reduces, KEDA can reduce resources to avoid overprovisioning and maximize resource utilization.
  • Organizations can use KEDA’s capabilities to optimize their batch-processing operations, ensuring that data-intensive jobs are completed on time and under budget.


In today’s fast-paced and dynamic environment, traditional scaling methods may fall short of addressing the needs of current cloud-native apps. KEDA tackles this issue by providing event-driven autoscaling to Kubernetes, which allows organizations to scale their workloads dynamically depending on real-time events. By leveraging KEDA, organizations can achieve peak performance, cost efficiency, and scalability for their Kubernetes-based applications, ushering in a new age of event-driven computing in the cloud-native ecosystem.

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About CloudThat

Established in 2012, CloudThat is a leading Cloud Training and Cloud Consulting services provider in India, USA, Asia, Europe, and Africa. Being a pioneer in the Cloud domain, CloudThat has special expertise in catering to mid-market and enterprise clients in all the major Cloud service providers like AWS, Microsoft, GCP, VMware, Databricks, HP, and more. Uniquely positioned to be a single source for both training and consulting for cloud technologies like Cloud Migration, Data Platforms, DevOps, IoT, and the latest technologies like AI/ML, it is a top-tier partner with AWS and Microsoft, winning more than 8 awards combined in 11 years. Recently, it was recognized as the ‘Think Big’ partner from AWS and won the Microsoft Superstars FY 2023 award in Asia & India. Leveraging its position as a leader in the market, CloudThat has trained 650k+ professionals in 500+ cloud certifications and delivered 300+ consulting projects for 100+ corporates in 28+ countries.

WRITTEN BY Komal Singh



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