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Overview of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing has come a long way since its inception and continues evolving rapidly. The latest trends and developments in cloud computing focus on providing more flexibility, scalability, and security to businesses of all sizes.
Cloud Computing Market trends
Use of multi-cloud and hybrid cloud solutions
Multi-cloud solutions allow businesses to use multiple cloud providers, such as AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud, to meet their specific needs. For example, a company can use AWS for storage, Azure for AI and Machine learning, and GCP for Big data analytics. Hybrid cloud solutions allow businesses to combine on-premises and cloud-based resources, giving businesses the best of both worlds. For example, a company can keep sensitive data on-premises while using the cloud for non-sensitive data and scalability.
Rise of edge computing:
Edge computing allows data to be processed and analyzed at the network’s edge rather than in a centralized location. It is beneficial for IoT and other real-time applications, as it reduces latency and increases the reliability of the data. An example is Amazon’s Greengrass, which enables customers to collect and analyze data closer to their devices, or Azure Edge Zones, which allows customers to run Azure services closer to the edge.
Artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML):
Cloud providers now offer more sophisticated AI and ML services, such as natural language processing, image recognition, and predictive analytics. For example, AWS offers Amazon SageMaker, a fully managed service that enables data scientists and developers to quickly build, train, and deploy ML models. Google Cloud provides AutoML, allowing businesses to easily train models with their own data without needing specialized knowledge.
Low-code and no-code:
There are innovative solutions in the cloud space that enables users to create applications without any coding knowledge. It is known as no-code software development. In low-code software development, like no-code, there may be a need for minor changes to the development elements, giving more flexibility compared to the no-code process.
With the popularity of cloud computing, every country has set its own data security standards, hence the need for sovereign clouds. Sovereign clouds operate exclusively within a specific region or a country. The list of data protection and privacy is increasing quickly, resulting in the need for every region to have its own sovereign cloud where other providers may find it complicated to meet these standards for business.
For organizations that have adopted a multi-cloud approach, FinOps is the need of the hour. Financial Operation or FinOps involves managing cloud computing costs. To track cloud spending across multiple cloud deployments, FinOps is used. Thus, companies can drive financial accountability and accelerate business value realization through cloud transformation.
Increased Storage Capacity:
Cloud storage is one of the most convenient and efficient ways of storing online data. One of the top benefits of using cloud storage capacity is that it can be increased or decreased easily depending on the demand and the varying needs of the company.
One of the primary advantages of having a cloud storage solution is in the event of a disaster. Every business needs a Disaster Recovery plan to restore services to normal and prevent data loss. If the company encounters any collapse or data loss problem, the stored data can be retrieved from the backup, and services can be restored. Thus, an increased storage capacity can be useful to manage the smooth running of the business at any time.
Security and Compliance:
It includes encryption, identity and access management, and security certifications. For example, Microsoft Azure offers Azure Security Center, a unified security management system, and Azure Policy, a service that enables customers to manage and enforce compliance standards.
Sustainability and Environmental Responsibility:
Cloud providers are now offering more energy-efficient options, such as renewable energy, and are working to reduce their carbon footprint. An example is Google’s Project Nightingale, which aims to make data centers more energy-efficient, or AWS’s commitment to reaching 100% renewable energy usage for their global infrastructure.
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Cloud computing is an ever-evolving field that regularly introduces new trends and developments. Businesses should stay updated with the latest trends in cloud computing to take advantage of the cloud’s cost savings, scalability, and security. Cloud providers are focusing on providing more flexibility, scalability, security, and sustainability options to their customers and providing more AI and ML services, Edge computing options, and more security and compliance.
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1. Why is there a rise in cloud security and resilience investments?
ANS: – Moving to the cloud opens up a world of options, and gains efficiency, and convenience, but it also exposes businesses and organizations to a new set of cybersecurity risks. Therefore, in the upcoming years, investing in cyber security and enhancing resilience against everything from data loss to the effects of a pandemic on world trade will become even more of a priority. The adoption of a multi-cloud infrastructure requires a shift from harmful business practices like designing apps and business processes exclusively for a single cloud platform. By increasing the use of multi-cloud and redundancy, it lowers the possibility that system problems or unavailability would seriously impair corporate operations.
2. How is AI/ML expanding in cloud computing?
ANS: – Massive amounts of computational power and storage space are needed for data collection and algorithm training, and it is usually more cost-effective to rent these resources as a service. Cloud service providers are increasingly reliant on AI for a variety of activities. This involves running the vast, dispersed networks required to offer storage resources to their clients, and driving the cyber security tools that protect their data. As there are growing additional innovations in this area in 2023 as large-scale cloud services providers like Amazon, Google, and Microsoft continue to implement their own AI technologies to provide more effective and affordable cloud services for their clients.
WRITTEN BY Prarthit Mehta
Prarthit Mehta is the Business Unit Head-Cloud Consulting at CloudThat. He is an AWS ambassador and has experience delivering solutions for customers from various industry domains. He also holds working experience in AWS and Big data platforms. He is an AWS Certified Architect - Professional and a certified Microsoft Azure Solutions Architect.