AWS, Cloud Computing

4 Mins Read

A Guide to AWS Service Access Logging


In the ever-evolving landscape of cloud computing, Amazon Web Services (AWS) stands as a juggernaut, providing many services to cater to the diverse needs of businesses. As organizations increasingly rely on AWS for their infrastructure, ensuring enhanced security measures becomes paramount. Implementing AWS service access logging is crucial for bolstering the security posture. In this blog post, we will delve into the significance of service access logging, its benefits, and step-by-step instructions to enable it across various AWS services.

Why AWS Service Access Logging Matters?

AWS service access logging is a critical component in the overall security framework of your cloud infrastructure. By capturing and analyzing logs, organizations gain valuable insights into who accessed their resources, when the access occurred, and from where. This level of visibility is indispensable for identifying and mitigating security threats, ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements, and facilitating forensic analysis in the event of an incident.

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Benefits of AWS Service Access Logging

  1. Enhanced Security Posture: Service access logs provide a detailed record of API requests made on AWS resources. This visibility enables security teams to promptly detect and respond to suspicious activities, fortifying the overall security posture.
  2. Compliance Adherence: Many industries and regulatory bodies mandate strict compliance requirements. AWS service access logging aids organizations in meeting these standards by providing an auditable trail of access to sensitive data and resources.
  3. Forensic Analysis: In the unfortunate event of a security incident, service access logs become invaluable for forensic analysis. They allow organizations to reconstruct events, identify the root cause of incidents, and implement corrective measures.
  4. Cost Optimization: Detailed logs can also be leveraged to analyze resource usage patterns, facilitating the identification of underutilized resources and optimization of costs.

Step-by-Step Guide

Let’s explore the steps to enable service access logging for some of the key AWS services.

Amazon S3:

Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) is a widely used object storage service. Enabling service access logging for Amazon S3 involves the following steps:

Here’s the step-by-step guide with the added line to create an Amazon S3 bucket for logs: 

Step 1: Sign into the AWS Management Console

Step 2: Access Amazon S3

  • In the AWS Management Console, search for and click on “S3” to access the Amazon S3 dashboard.


Step 3: Create the Amazon S3 Bucket for Logs (if not already created)

  • In the Amazon S3 dashboard, click the “Create bucket” button.
  • Enter a unique and descriptive name for your bucket. This bucket will store the server access logs.
  • Choose a region for the bucket. Selecting a region close to your primary Amazon S3 resources is a good practice to minimize latency.
  • Click through the configuration options, including setting permissions, and review your settings before creating the bucket.

Step 4: Select the Bucket for Logging

  • In the Amazon S3 dashboard, click on the bucket name you want to enable server access logging.


Step 5: Open the Properties Tab

  • Inside the selected bucket, click on the “Properties” tab.


Step 6: Enable Server Access Logging

  • Scroll down to the “Server access logging” section.
  • Click on the “Edit” button.


Step 7: Configure Server Access Logging

  • In the “Edit server access logging” window, check the box next to “Enable access logging.”
  • In the “Target bucket” field, choose the Amazon S3 bucket you created in Step 3 as the destination for storing logs.
  • In the “Target prefix” field, you can optionally specify a prefix for the log file objects within the destination bucket.
  • Click “Save changes.”



Access the Amazon S3 bucket data. 


Go to your service access logging Amazon S3 Bucket and see the log.




AWS service access logging is a fundamental practice for organizations leveraging cloud infrastructure. The insights gained from detailed logs play a pivotal role in securing resources, ensuring compliance, and optimizing costs.

By following the step-by-step guides provided for key AWS services like Amazon S3, AWS CloudTrail, and AWS Lambda, organizations can seamlessly enable service access logging and unlock a new level of visibility into their cloud environment. As the cloud landscape evolves, staying vigilant through robust logging practices remains a cornerstone for maintaining a secure and resilient cloud infrastructure.

Drop a query if you have any questions regarding AWS service and we will get back to you quickly.

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1. Why is service access logging important in AWS?

ANS: – Service access logging in AWS is crucial for enhancing security by providing detailed records of API requests, ensuring compliance through an auditable trail, enabling forensic analysis in case of incidents, and optimizing costs by analyzing resource usage patterns.

2. Which AWS services can benefit from service access logging?

ANS: – Key AWS services like Amazon S3, AWS CloudTrail, and AWS Lambda can significantly benefit from service access logging. These services cover storage, API calls, and serverless computing, respectively.

3. How can I enable service access logging for an Amazon S3 bucket?

ANS: – Navigate to the Amazon S3 Management Console, select the desired bucket, go to the “Properties” tab, find “Server access logging,” click “Edit,” enable logging, specify the target bucket, and save changes.

WRITTEN BY Shaikh Mohammed Fariyaj Najam

Mohammed Fariyaj Shaikh works as a Research Associate at CloudThat. He has strong analytical thinking and problem-solving skills, knowledge of AWS Cloud Services, migration, infrastructure setup, and security, as well as the ability to adopt new technology and learn quickly.



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