Azure, Cloud Computing

3 Mins Read

Securing and Governing Your APIs with Azure API Management


In the digital world, APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) are the backbone of modern applications, enabling seamless integration, data exchange, and innovation. However, with the proliferation of APIs comes the critical need for robust security and governance measures to protect sensitive data, maintain compliance, and ensure reliable performance.

Azure API Management emerges as a comprehensive solution for organizations seeking to secure and govern their APIs effectively. This blog post delves into the key aspects of securing and governing APIs using Azure API Management, offering insights, best practices, and practical strategies for success.


Azure API Management is a comprehensive, fully managed service designed to empower developers to expose their APIs to internal and external customers securely. With a suite of tools and services, developers can seamlessly create, publish, and oversee APIs while ensuring robust security measures, scalability, and efficient monitoring of API usage.

This platform encompasses diverse features and utilities, including an API gateway, a user-friendly web-based developer portal, API lifecycle management capabilities, advanced monitoring and analytics tools, and enhanced security features.

Furthermore, Azure API Management seamlessly integrates with a wide spectrum of backend services, from Azure Functions and Logic Apps to Azure Virtual Machines, alongside compatibility with on-premises and third-party systems. By leveraging Azure API Management, developers can streamline the process of building and managing APIs, ensuring they are secure and scalable while maintaining a user-friendly experience.

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API Management Components

Azure API Management comprises several key components that work together to facilitate the creation, publication, management, and monitoring of APIs. Here’s a breakdown of these components:

  1. API Gateway: The API gateway is the entry point for client requests to access APIs. It handles routing, authentication, authorization, request/response transformations, caching, and rate limiting. This component is a centralized control point for managing API traffic and enforcing policies.
  2. Developer Portal: The developer portal is a web-based interface that allows developers to discover, explore, and consume APIs. It provides documentation, code samples, interactive API consoles, and subscription management features, making it easier for developers to understand and integrate with APIs.
  3. API Management Service: The API management service is the core component of Azure API Management, responsible for orchestrating and managing the entire API lifecycle. It provides a centralized platform for creating, publishing, versioning, securing, and monitoring APIs. This component offers a rich set of features for configuring API policies, defining API products, and analyzing API usage and performance.
  4. Backend Services: Azure API Management can integrate with various backend services, including Azure Functions, Azure Logic Apps, Azure App Service, Azure Virtual Machines, and on-premises systems. These backend services host the business logic and data accessed by APIs, enabling seamless integration between frontend and backend systems.
  5. Security Features: Azure API Management offers robust security features to protect APIs and prevent unauthorized access. These features include authentication, authorization, role-based access control (RBAC), OAuth 2.0 support, JWT validation, IP whitelisting/blacklisting, and SSL/TLS encryption. By implementing these security measures, organizations can ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of their APIs.
  6. Monitoring and Analytics: Azure API Management provides comprehensive monitoring and analytics capabilities to track API usage, performance, and health. It captures metrics such as request volume, response time, error rate, and latency, allowing organizations to gain insights into API traffic patterns and identify potential issues. Additionally, it supports integration with Azure Monitor and Azure Application Insights for advanced monitoring and diagnostics.

How does Azure API Management work?

Azure API Management operates by inserting a layer between API clients and the backend API services they interact with. Upon receiving a request from a client for an API managed by API Management, the request is initially directed to the API Management gateway. This gateway serves as the point of entry, where it applies security policies, enforces rate limits, and implements other relevant policies for the API.

Once the gateway approves the request, it is transmitted to the backend API service. Subsequently, the backend API service processes the request and formulates a response, which is sent back to the API Management gateway. Finally, the gateway relays the response to the client. This sequence of actions ensures that requests are managed efficiently and securely between clients and backend services.


Azure API Management offers a robust solution for securing and governing your APIs, providing a centralized platform to manage the entire lifecycle of your APIs. By leveraging features such as authentication, authorization, rate limiting, and analytics, organizations can ensure that their APIs are protected and performing optimally. Additionally, Azure API Management integrates seamlessly with other Azure services, enabling organizations to build scalable and reliable API ecosystems. By adopting Azure API Management, businesses can streamline their API management processes, enhance security, and drive innovation in their digital initiatives.

Drop a query if you have any questions regarding Azure API Management and we will get back to you quickly.

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1. What are the benefits of using Azure API Management?

ANS: – Azure API Management offers several benefits, including centralized API management, enhanced security features, scalability, a developer portal for API discovery and consumption, analytics for monitoring API usage and performance, and integration with various backend services.

2. What security features does Azure API Management provide?

ANS: – Azure API Management offers various security features, including authentication using OAuth, Azure Active Directory, or API keys, authorization based on roles and permissions, IP whitelisting and blacklisting, SSL/TLS encryption, and JWT validation.

3. Can Azure API Management be integrated with other Azure services?

ANS: – Yes, Azure API Management can be integrated with various Azure services such as Azure Functions, Azure Logic Apps, Azure App Service, Azure Virtual Machines, Azure Monitor, and Azure Application Insights.

WRITTEN BY Sridhar Andavarapu

Sridhar works as a Research Associate at CloudThat. He is highly skilled in both frontend and backend with good practical knowledge of various skills like Python, Azure Services, AWS Services, and ReactJS. Sridhar is interested in sharing his knowledge with others for improving their skills too.



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