Apps Development, AWS, Cloud Computing

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A Guide to Deploy NextJS Application on Amazon S3

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In the dynamic world of web development, deploying applications efficiently is a pivotal aspect of the development life cycle. Next.js, a popular React framework, simplifies the process of building server rendered React applications. In this guide, we will delve into the intricacies of deploying a Next.js application on Amazon S3, a highly scalable and cost-effective storage solution offered by Amazon Web Services (AWS).


Before embarking on the deployment journey, it is essential to ensure that you have the necessary prerequisites in place:

  • A fully developed Next.js application (if not, initiate the project and ensure it is ready for deployment).
  • AWS account credentials.
  • AWS CLI is installed on your local machine.

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Step-by-Step Guide

Step 1: Build Your Next.js Application

The deployment process commences with preparing your Next.js application for the production environment. Execute the following commands in your project directory:

These commands will install the required dependencies and generate a ./out directory containing the optimized production build of your application.

Step 2: Set Up an Amazon S3 Bucket

  • Login to AWS Console

Open the AWS Management Console and log in using your AWS account credentials.

  • Navigate to Amazon S3

Locate the Amazon S3 service within the AWS Console and click on it to access the Amazon S3 dashboard.

  • Create a New Bucket

Click the “Create bucket” button and follow the prompts to set up a new Amazon S3 bucket. Ensure that you choose a unique name and select your preferred AWS region.

  • Configure Bucket Properties

After creating the bucket, navigate to the “Properties” tab. Enable static website hosting and configure the index and error document, typically set as ‘index.html’ and ‘error.html’.

Step 3: Upload Your Next.js Application to Amazon S3

  • Access the Bucket

Return to the Amazon S3 dashboard, locate and access the bucket you created.

  • Upload Files

Click the “Upload” button, and select all the files from the ./out directory of your Next.js application. Ensure to include critical files like index.html.

  • Set Permissions

Once the files are uploaded, select all of them and click the “Actions” button. Set the permissions to allow public read access, ensuring your application is accessible to users.

Step 4: Configure Bucket Policy

To guarantee public accessibility, configure a bucket policy:

  • Navigate to the “Permissions” Tab

In your Amazon S3 bucket, navigate to the “Permissions” tab.

  • Click “Bucket Policy”

Within the “Permissions” tab, click “Bucket Policy” and insert the following policy, modifying the resource ARN and the Principal:

Ensure that you replace YOUR_BUCKET_NAME with your actual bucket name.

  • Save the Changes

Save the changes to apply the new bucket policy.

Step 5: Enable Website Hosting

  • Navigate to the “Properties” Tab

Return to the “Properties” tab in your S3 bucket.

  • Scroll Down to “Static Website Hosting”

Scroll down to the “Static website hosting” section.

  • Select “Use this Bucket to Host a Website”

Enable static website hosting and select “Use this bucket to host a website”.

  • Specify Index and Error Document

Specify the index and error document, usually set as ‘index.html’ and ‘error.html’.

  • Save the Changes

Save the changes to activate the static website hosting feature.

Step 6: Configure AWS CLI

Before syncing your local build with Amazon S3, ensure the AWS CLI is configured on your local machine.

  • Open Your Terminal

Open your terminal or command prompt.

  • Configure AWS CLI

Run the following command to configure AWS CLI with your credentials:

Follow the prompts to input your AWS access key, secret key, region, and preferred output format.

Step 7: Sync Your Local Build with Amazon S3

In your terminal, navigate to your Next.js project directory.

  • Run the Sync Command

Execute the following command to synchronize your local build with the Amazon S3 bucket:

Remember to replace YOUR_BUCKET_NAME with your actual bucket name.


You have successfully navigated the intricate process of deploying a Next.js application on Amazon S3. This deployment setup provides not only ease of scalability but also high availability and cost-effectiveness, making it an excellent choice for hosting static websites. As you continue your AWS journey, consider further exploring additional AWS services to enhance your deployment workflow.

With this newfound knowledge, you are well-equipped to deploy your Next.js applications with confidence and efficiency.

Drop a query if you have any questions regarding Amazon S3 and we will get back to you quickly.

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1. Why choose Amazon S3 to host a Next.js application?

ANS: – Amazon S3, or Simple Storage Service, offers several advantages, making it an excellent choice for hosting static websites, including Next.js applications.

  • Scalability: Amazon S3 is designed to automatically scale based on demand, ensuring your application can handle varying traffic levels without manual intervention.
  • Cost-Effective: With a pay-as-you-go pricing model, Amazon S3 allows you to pay only for the storage and data transfer you use. This makes it a cost-effective solution for hosting static assets.
  • High Availability: Amazon S3 provides a highly available and durable infrastructure. Your Next.js application can benefit from the redundancy and data integrity features, ensuring consistent performance.
  • Global Reach: Amazon S3 supports content delivery through Amazon CloudFront, enabling you to distribute your Next.js application globally with low-latency access.

2. Do I need to set up Amazon CloudFront for better performance?

ANS: – While it’s not mandatory, setting up Amazon CloudFront with Amazon S3 can significantly enhance the performance of your Next.js application. Amazon CloudFront is a content delivery network (CDN) that caches your static assets at edge locations worldwide. Here’s why it can be beneficial:

  • Reduced Latency: Amazon CloudFront caches content at edge locations, reducing the round-trip time for users worldwide. This results in lower latency and faster loading times for your Next.js application.
  • Global Distribution: Amazon CloudFront enables global distribution of your content. Users from different regions can access your application with minimal latency, providing a smoother experience.
  • DDoS Protection: Amazon CloudFront provides Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) protection, adding a layer of security to your Next.js application.
  • Custom SSL Certificates: You can configure custom SSL certificates for your domain, ensuring secure connections between users and your application.
In summary, while you can host a Next.js application on Amazon S3 alone, integrating Amazon CloudFront can optimize performance and provide additional features for a seamless user experience.

WRITTEN BY Mayur Patel



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