Cloud Computing, Data Analytics

3 Mins Read

Comparing Trino, ClickHouse, and Apache Doris

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In the rapidly evolving world of big data and analytics, organizations continually search for the best tools to gain insights from their data efficiently and effectively. Among the options available, Trino, ClickHouse, and Apache Doris stand out as powerful solutions, each with unique capabilities and use cases. However, choosing the right tool for your needs can be challenging without clearly understanding their strengths and weaknesses. In this blog post, we’ll delve into the architecture, key features, use cases, and disadvantages of each, providing you with a comprehensive comparison to aid in your decision-making process.



Formerly known as PrestoSQL, Trino is an open-source distributed SQL query engine for running interactive analytic queries against data sources of all sizes. Trino follows a distributed architecture, where queries are processed across multiple worker nodes in a cluster. It uses a coordinator node to plan and coordinate query execution while worker nodes perform the computation tasks.

Key Features:

  • Distributed Query Processing: Trino excels in distributing query processing tasks across nodes in a cluster, enabling parallel execution and high performance.
  • Support for Various Data Sources: It provides connectors for various data sources, including relational databases, NoSQL databases, and file systems like HDFS and S3.
  • SQL Compatibility: Trino supports ANSI SQL, making it easy for users familiar with SQL to write and execute queries.

Use Cases:

  • Interactive Analytics: Trino is well suited for interactive analytics use cases where users need to query large datasets in real-time.
  • Ad Hoc Data Exploration: Its ability to handle ad hoc queries efficiently makes it a preferred choice for data exploration tasks.
  • Data Warehousing: Trino can be used to build data warehouses, enabling organizations to analyze vast amounts of data stored across disparate sources.

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ClickHouse is an open-source column-oriented database management system designed for real-time analytics. It utilizes a distributed architecture similar to Trino, with multiple nodes working together to process queries efficiently. ClickHouse organizes data in columns rather than rows, which enables high compression ratios and efficient data retrieval.

Key Features:

  • Column-Oriented Storage: ClickHouse’s columnar storage format is optimized for analytics workloads, enabling fast query performance even on large datasets.
  • High Throughput: It’s capable of processing high volumes of data with low latency, making it suitable for real-time analytics applications.
  • Native Integrations: ClickHouse offers native integrations with popular data ingestion tools like Kafka, enabling seamless data pipeline setups.

Use Cases:

  • Real-Time Analytics: ClickHouse is ideal for real-time analytics use cases where low latency query processing is essential, such as monitoring dashboards and operational analytics.
  • Log Analytics: Its high throughput makes ClickHouse well suited for analyzing log data, enabling organizations to derive valuable insights from their logs in real-time.
  • Time-series Data Analysis: ClickHouse’s columnar storage format and efficient compression make it a popular choice for analyzing time-series data.

Apache Doris


Apache Doris, formerly known as Palo, is an open-source MPP (Massively Parallel Processing) analytical database. It follows a shared nothing architecture, where each node in the cluster operates independently and processes a subset of data. Doris employs a distributed storage engine to store and manage data across nodes.

Key Features:

  • MPP Architecture: Apache Doris leverages a massively parallel processing architecture to distribute query processing tasks across nodes, enabling high performance and scalability.
  • Schema Flexibility: It supports schema on read, allowing users to define schemas dynamically when querying data, which can be advantageous for ad hoc analytics.
  • Incremental Data Ingestion: Doris supports incremental data ingestion, enabling real-time analytics scenarios where new data needs to be processed continuously.

Use Cases:

  • Interactive Analytics: Apache Doris is well suited for interactive analytics workloads where users need to run complex queries on large datasets with low latency.
  • OLAP (Online Analytical Processing): Its MPP architecture and support for complex analytical queries make Doris a popular choice for OLAP applications.
  • Real-time Reporting: Doris’s support for incremental data ingestion makes it suitable for building real-time reporting and dashboarding solutions.


In conclusion, Trino, ClickHouse, and Apache Doris each offer unique strengths and capabilities for data analytics and processing.

Trino excels in distributed query processing and support for various data sources, making it suitable for interactive analytics and ad hoc data exploration. ClickHouse’s column-oriented storage and high throughput are ideal for real-time analytics and log data analysis. Apache Doris’s MPP architecture and schema flexibility make it a strong contender for interactive analytics and OLAP applications.

By carefully evaluating the architecture, key features, use cases, and disadvantages of each solution, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your organization’s goals and objectives in data analytics.

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1. Which of these tools is best for handling large-scale time-series data?

ANS: – ClickHouse is particularly well-suited for large-scale time-series data analysis due to its columnar storage format and efficient compression.

2. Are there any specific hardware requirements for running these systems?

ANS: – Trino and Apache Doris can be resource-intensive, especially when dealing with large datasets, requiring careful planning of hardware resources. For optimal performance, ClickHouse also demands significant hardware resources, particularly storage and processing power.

WRITTEN BY Aehteshaam Shaikh

Aehteshaam Shaikh is working as a Research Associate - Data & AI/ML at CloudThat. He is passionate about Analytics, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, and Cloud Computing and is eager to learn new technologies.



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